Dak Nong province was re-established on January 1, 2014 under the Resolution No. 23/2003/QH11 dated November 26, 2003 by the National Assembly on the basis of splitting former Dak Lak province into Dak Lak and Dak Nong provinces. As one of the five Central Highlands Provinces, Dak Nong is bordered by Dak Lak province in the East and Southeast, Binh Phuoc province in the South and Southwest, and Cambodia in the West.
Situatiated in the gateway to the Central Highlands, Dak Nong province has National Highway, connecting with Ho Chi Minh City and Southeast provinces. The province is 230 km from Ho Chi Minh City to the North and 120 km from Ban Me Thuat City (the capital of Dak Lak) to the Southwest. It also has National Highway 28, linking Dak Nong with Lam Dong and Binh Thuan provincs and Central Coast provinces. It is 120 km from Da Lat city (Lam Dong province) and 160 km from Phan Thiet city (Binh Thuan province) to the East. Dak Nong shares a 130-km borderline with Mondulkiri province and has two border gate of B Prang and Dak Peur leading to Mondulkiri, Kratie, Kandal, Phnompenh and Siem Reap in Cambodia. This favorable geographical location enables Dak Nong to expand cooperation with other provinces in the Central Highlands, the Southern key economic zone, the Central Coast and Cambodia. This is a motivation source for Dak Nong to promote socio-economic development to become the dynamic center of economic development in the Central Highlands.
Regarding land, Dak Nong has 11 major types of soil and basaltic soil accounts for 60.34 per cent of natural area, suitable for such crops as rubber, pepper, macadamia and short-day industrial plants. At present, the province's natural area is 651,561 ha, of which 586,583 ha is agricultural land, including319,465 ha of arable soil, 265,725 ha of forest land, 43,953 ha of non-agricultural land (4,725 ha of residential land, 23,407 ha of specialized land, and 18,273 ha for public purposes), and 21,025 ha is unused land (3,158 ha of lowland, and 17,867 ha of mountainous land). Endowed with mild climate and biodiversity, Dak Nong gathers enough favourable factors to develop agriculture. Besides, the province has planned high-tech agricultural zones, used biological methods to kill pests on crops (rice, vegetable, bean, coffee, pepper, etc.) to ensure productivity, product quality, increased agricultural production value and stable income for farmers.
Dak Nong also possesses many potential advantages to develop types of tourism like ecotourism, cultural tourism, excursion and resorts. The province features immense primeval forests, poetic and grandeur waterfalls and rivers. Gia Nghia town, the cultural and political centre of the province, with a third of natural area being water surface is an ideal tourism destination in the event that the Earth is heating up. Dak Nong is also home to 40 ethnic groups, thus having many unique cultures hardly seen in other places, with the most remarkable feature being the space of gong culture, cultural epics and gastronomy. Furthermore, National Highways 14, 14C and 28 connect Dak Nong with tourist centres of the country like Ho Chi Minh City, Dak Lak, Da Lat, and Binh Thuan, and the two border gates of BuPrang and Dak Per links the province with Cambodia, enabling it to create many attractive tourism tours.
Dak Nong has discovered 218 ore sites with 16 minerals. The most mineral is bauxite with an estimated reserve of 3.4 billion tons – an advantage for the province to develop mining, bauxite, aluminium and supporting industries and services. In 2012, Dak Nong built Nhan Co alumina plant, costing VND 17,822 billion, with an annual output capacity of 650,000 tons, expected to reach 1,3 million tons in 2020. In earlier September 2014, Dak Nong aluminium electrolysis plant was built in Nhan Co industrial Park in Dak R'Lap district. When this facility goes into operation, it will create a closed bauxite mining – alumina processing – aluminium ingot production chain, thus resulting in the development of post-aluminium industries.
Also, Dak Nong has evenly distributed rivers, streams and lakes, which enable the province to build hydropower plants to serve economic development and livelihoods. Typically, 144-MW Dak R'Tih hydropower plant annually produces about 700 million kWh of electricity.
Natural condition advantages enable Dak Nong to develop not only agricultural production but also processing industry. Perennial industrial crops include rubber, coffee, cocoa, cashew and tea while annual crops are comprised of bean, corn, potato and cassava.
By promoting its advantages of input supply and rich material resource plus attractive investment incentives and quick procedures, Dak Nong promises to be an ideal destination for business and investors.
Source: Dak Nong Department of Planning and Investment